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is there a way to find the area common to two different normal distribution curve using JMP?

Sep 23, 2016 10:25 AM
(5657 views)

I am trying to find the area under the common portion of two different normal distribution curve. How can I do that using JMP? Any simple way to do so?

5 REPLIES 5

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Re: is there a way to find the area common to two different normal distribution curve using JMP?

In JMP 12 there is an quite efficient Integrate() function that can be used for calculating the area confined by the minimum of the two curves.

The example below is not very useful (you'd probably want to get the parameters from the distribution platform) but may give you some ideas...

```
Names Default To Here(1);
// Define curves and calculate overlap area
N1 = Expr(Normal Density(x, 1, 2));
N2 = Expr(Normal Density(x, 0, 1));
ovl = Integrate(Min(N1, N2), x, ., .);
Show(ovl);
//––––––––––
// Illustration
ym = xm = (-500 :: 500) / 100;
For(i = 1, i <= N Col(xm), i++,
ym[i] = Min(Normal Density(xm[i], 1, 2), Normal Density(xm[i], 0, 1))
);
New Window("Overlap Coefficient",
y = Graph Box(
Y Scale(0, 1),
X Scale(-5, 5),
Y Function(N1, x);
Y Function(N2, x);
Text({0, 0.6}, "OVL = ", ovl);
Fill Color(1);
Polygon(xm, ym);
)
);
```

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Re: is there a way to find the area common to two different normal distribution curve using JMP?

@ms Thanks for sharing this! I checked this script against an example given on the following website thanks to a colleague of mine: https://stats.stackexchange.com/questions/103800/calculate-probability-area-under-the-overlapping-ar...

With the mean and sigma parameters for the first and second distributions respectively:

*"For your example, with μ1=5.28,μ2=8.45,σ1=0.91,σ2=1.36μ1=5.28,μ2=8.45,σ1=0.91,σ2=1.36, this yields: c=6.70458...c=6.70458..., and the area of the green section is: 0.158413" *

The .JSL script gives the exact same result for the area of the overlapped section!

```
Names Default To Here(1);
// Define curves and calculate overlap area
mean1 = 5.28;
stdev1 = 0.91;
mean2 = 8.45;
stdev2 = 1.36;
N1 = Expr(Normal Density(x, mean1, stdev1));
N2 = Expr(Normal Density(x, mean2, stdev2));
ovl = Integrate(Min(N1, N2), x, ., .);
Show(ovl);
//––––––––––
// Illustration
ym = xm = (-1000 :: 1000) / 100;
For(i = 1, i <= N Col(xm), i++,
ym[i] = Min(Normal Density(xm[i], mean1, stdev1), Normal Density(xm[i], mean2, stdev2))
);
New Window("Overlap Coefficient",
y = Graph Box(
Y Scale(0, 1),
X Scale(-5, 12),
Y Function(N1, x);
Y Function(N2, x);
Text({0, 0.6}, "OVL% = ", ovl*100);
Fill Color(1);
Polygon(xm, ym);
)
);
```

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Re: is there a way to find the area common to two different normal distribution curve using JMP?

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Re: is there a way to find the area common to two different normal distribution curve using JMP?

Can anyone help problem solve this script. My JSL is simply not good enough to understand what is going wrong when we use a real data set and the chart scales incorrectly and doesn't display / calculate OVL?

example data:

mean1 = 46.17 | std1 = 16.27 |

mean2 = 82.08 | std2 = 17.68 |

Errors observed

- Using the above data OVL isn't displayed / calculated (I'm not sure which is true)
- The axes are set to the wrong scale (an auto function would help)
- When scales are adjusted in code or using hand tool we see the PDF curves but no shaded area

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Re: is there a way to find the area common to two different normal distribution curve using JMP?

Hi,

The graph range was hard-coded means in the single digits rather than in the double digits, so the plot was "off-the-page" so to speak. I added code to calculate appropriate axes for the graph so the curves show up.

I also had trouble with the Integrate() function used here, and settled instead for Riemann sums under the polygon. It will be reasonably accurate this way.

```
Names Default to Here( 1 );
// Define curves and calculate overlap area
mean1 = 46.17;
stdev1 = 16.27;
mean2 = 82.08;
stdev2 = 17.68;
```

N1 = Expr(Normal Density(x, mean1, stdev1));

N2 = Expr(Normal Density(x, mean2, stdev2));
//––––––––––
// calculate graph ranges
rangemin = Minimum(mean1-6*stdev1,mean2-6*stdev2);
rangemax = Maximum(mean1+6*stdev1,mean2+6*stdev2);
// Illustration
ym = zm = 1 :: 2000; // 2000 has to do with how detailed the plot should be
multiplier = (rangemax-rangemin)/(Maximum(ym)-Minimum(ym));
xm = (ym-Minimum(ym))*multiplier+rangemin;
ovl = 0;
For(i = 1, i <= N Col(xm), i++,
ym[i] = Minimum(Normal Density(xm[i], mean1, stdev1), Normal Density(xm[i], mean2, stdev2));
zm[i] = Maximum(Normal Density(xm[i], mean1, stdev1), Normal Density(xm[i], mean2, stdev2));
If(i>1, ovl += 0.5*(ym[i-1]+ym[i])*(xm[i]-xm[i-1]));
);
New Window("Overlap Coefficient",
y = Graph Box(
Y Scale(0, 1.2*Maximum(zm)),
X Scale(rangemin, rangemax),
Y Function(N1, x);
Y Function(N2, x);
Text({Mean(xm), 0.6*Maximum(zm)}, "OVL% = ", ovl*100);
Fill Color(1);
Polygon(xm, ym);
)
);