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juliaaline
Community Trekker

QQ-Plot double x-axis

Dear Community,

 

Please help, how do I change the ugly default QQ-Plot in jmp so that it does not have two x-axis and a histgoram but only a normal x- and y-axis?

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13 REPLIES 13
cwillden
Super User

Re: QQ-Plot double x-axis

In Distribution?  I don't ever have 2 x-axes.  Here's what mine looks like when I turn off the histogram and outlier box plot.  Is this what you want?

QQ.PNG

 

 

If that's what you're after, just go to the red-arrow > Histogram Options > Histogram (uncheck it), and then to red-arrow > Outlier Box Plot (uncheck it).  You can also make that the default from Preferences for the Distribution platform, though I'm not sure why you'd use Distribution if you don't want to see the histogram.

 

Alternatively, if you just want the plots separately, add a normal fit to data.  Then, in the fit report for the normal fit, click the red arrow > Diagnostic Plot.  You'll get a QQ plot with just the usual X and Y axes.

-- Cameron Willden
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juliaaline
Community Trekker

Re: QQ-Plot double x-axis

Thank you for your quick response! Thats what my plot looks like, too but with the histogram. But I do not have it in the distribution area but as a residual plot from a mixed model. Is there an easy way to get a normal QQ-Plot? Because I have never seen one like that in a paper. Do you think it is still useable like that or do I need to add a normal distribution to my data and create the QQ-Plot myself? That would be awful because I have to do 30 of these and do not have a lot of time to do that.

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cwillden
Super User

Re: QQ-Plot double x-axis

Are you using the Mixed personality in Fit Model?  If so, that is a JMP Pro feature, which I do not have access to.  If you don't like the look of the QQ plot in Fit Model, I think you could get into Distribution with out nearly as much effort as you're thinking.  If you have all 30 of your model fits in the same Fit Model report, you could probably save all of your conditional residuals to the data table at once by holding Ctrl as you do it for any one of them.  If you are able to get that far, the rest is easy.  You would plot all of your conditional residuals in Distribution and hold Ctrl as hide the histograms and box plots, or fit a normal distribution and turn on the diagnostic plot.  Holding Ctrl is a powerful tool to easily do a repetitive task that works just about anywhere in JMP.

-- Cameron Willden
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Re: QQ-Plot double x-axis

The placement of the two scales is due to the fact that you modified the orientation of the plot by selecting Stack or change the Histogram orientation option.

 

I don't think that there is a way to achieve the same result with the default Histogram orientation. If uses a special type of scale. Right-click on the axis and select Axis Settings. You will see that the Type = Normal Probability.

Learn it once, use it forever!
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juliaaline
Community Trekker

Re: QQ-Plot double x-axis

I did not chose stack.. By fitting a mixed model I cannot stack or unstack unfortunatley. 

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juliaaline
Community Trekker

Re: QQ-Plot double x-axis

Thank you for your quick response. My plot looks like that too but with the histogram. I cannot uncheck it because I am in the fit model section of a mixed model. I need to create residual plots like that. Is it a normal QQ-Plot with the histogram with the two y-axis'? I need 30 of these for my theses and feel like they do not look like these I have seen in papers. But is there a more efficient way than creating the QQ-Plots myself by adding a normal distribution to my data as a feel like that will take hours I unfortunately do not have left.

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Jeff_Perkinson
Community Manager Community Manager

Re: QQ-Plot double x-axis

If you don't want the histogram, you can use the Selection tool (the fat plus) by pushing the S key on the keyboard and then click in the scatterplot to select it and shift+ctrl click on the X axis to select it.

 

It will look like this:

 

JMPScreenSnapz278.png

Then Journal it and you'll get one that looks like this:

 

JMPScreenSnapz279.png

-Jeff
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juliaaline
Community Trekker

Re: QQ-Plot double x-axis

Thanks so much that looks great! But isn't it that on the x-axis hast to be the quantiles of the residuals or did I get there something wrong?

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gzmorgan0
Super User

Re: QQ-Plot double x-axis

When it is important to have really good looking graphs, like publications or training material, sometimes I like to save the residuals then do one of the following:

  1.  Distribution > Fit Continuous > Normal > Normal Quantile > Diagnostic Plot
  2. Create a Character column named "id" where the constant value is the name of the model. Then use Fit Y by X where the residual is Y and id is X. Turn off show all graphs and select Normal Quantile and you can choose whether you want to fit Quantile by Actual or Actual by Quantile.

Below are the graphs resulting from the Scripting Index > Objects > Fit Mixed > Run Example > Save Residuals

image.pngDistribution, Fit Normal, Diagnostic Plotimage.pngFit Y by X, Residual by id