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Aug 3, 2017 11:09 AM
(1133 views)

Hello JMP Community,

I have a dataset with a count variable to be predicted (Y), 3 numerical variables(X1, X2, X3) and one categorical (X4) as independent variables.

I fitted the Zero inflated Poisson model to the data both in R and JMP (from fit model > generalized regression). But the results were not the same. Why are they different? I think there may be some unseen assumptions. I mean some assumptions like the optimization method and number of iterations. How can I see the underlying assumptions of the Zero inflated Poisson model in JMP?

I compared different ZIP models in R and JMP for different variables. The results are always the same, and it is different only when I include that categorical variable (X4) in my model.

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Aug 3, 2017 1:13 PM
(1918 views)

Solution

I do not want to seem 'picky' but we use terms with specific meanings. I don't think that it has anything to do with the model *assumptions*, but it might have something to do with the model *parameterization*, the categorical predictor in particular. I don't know how the model parameters are represented for estimation in the R object that you are using. I do know how JMP parameterizes categorical predictors.

Here is the place to discover the JMP parameterization for categorical factors in JMP 12. (The parameterization in JMP 13 is the same, but the location in the documentation changes!)

Select **Help** > **Books** > **Fitting Linear Models** > **Appendix A: Statistical Details** > **The Factor Models**. This section describes the coding for both nominal and ordinal predictor levels. The *effects coding* used in JMP is different that than the coding used in some SAS procedures, such as PROC GLM, as you will see. It might be different than the coding used in your R object.

I hope that this information will help resolve the differences that you have observed.

Learn it once, use it forever!

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Aug 3, 2017 12:13 PM
(1117 views)

What version of JMP Pro are you using? The algorithms are improved over time.

Which estimation method in Generalized Regression did you use? The lasso, double lasso, ridge regression, and elastic net, for example, produce different results.

What options did you use for the fitting? The adaptive versions will produce different results.

What validation method did you use? The random assignment of observations to different hold out sets produces different results each time you fit the data.

Learn it once, use it forever!

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Aug 3, 2017 12:21 PM
(1108 views)

Thank you for the response!

I am using JMP Pro 12.0.1. I used maximum likelihood and no validation in both R and JMP.

Also, I've just found it is not only about the zero inflated model. Fitting a general linear model ( poisson) to the data have different results in R and JMP. Again when I take out the categorical variable, the models are the same. Is it possible there are some assumptions about categorical data?

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Aug 3, 2017 1:13 PM
(1919 views)

I do not want to seem 'picky' but we use terms with specific meanings. I don't think that it has anything to do with the model *assumptions*, but it might have something to do with the model *parameterization*, the categorical predictor in particular. I don't know how the model parameters are represented for estimation in the R object that you are using. I do know how JMP parameterizes categorical predictors.

Here is the place to discover the JMP parameterization for categorical factors in JMP 12. (The parameterization in JMP 13 is the same, but the location in the documentation changes!)

Select **Help** > **Books** > **Fitting Linear Models** > **Appendix A: Statistical Details** > **The Factor Models**. This section describes the coding for both nominal and ordinal predictor levels. The *effects coding* used in JMP is different that than the coding used in some SAS procedures, such as PROC GLM, as you will see. It might be different than the coding used in your R object.

I hope that this information will help resolve the differences that you have observed.

Learn it once, use it forever!

- Mark as New
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Aug 4, 2017 4:05 AM
(1077 views)

Hi,

JMP may be using a different coding method for contrasting categories when estimating coefficients of categorical variables. If it has only two categories using the ordinal modeling option for the variable will give the same result as other programs typically estimate a dummy variable with zeros and ones.