It’s World Statistics Day! To honor the theme of the day, the JMP User Community is having conversations about the importance of trust in statistics and data. And we want to hear from you! Tell us the steps you take to ensure that your data is trustworthy.
Choose Language Hide Translation Bar
Highlighted
Level II

## Syntax: How do I create an index column by ID

Hello JMP Community,

I am trying to create a column that indexes rows by an ID column.

In other scripting language, this is accomplished with the following lines.

By ID: gen IDIndex = _n

By ID: gen IDCount = _N

I can do the following, but I index and count the whole table

``````New Column( "IDIndex", formula( Row() ) );
New Column( "IDCount", formula( N Row() ) );``````

Advice on this would be great!

Very Sincerely,

ID IDIndex IDCount
444 1 4
444 2 4
444 3 4
444 4 4
333 1 3
333 2 3
333 3 3
1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions
Highlighted
Community Manager

## Re: Syntax: How do I create an index column by ID

In your formula you need to check the ID value to see if it has changed from the previous row and reset your index if it has.

Try this formula:

If(:ID != Lag(:ID, 1) | Row() == 1, 1, Lag(:IDIndex, 1) + 1)

Your ID Count column has use IDIndex to get its value:

Col Maximum( :IDIndex, :ID )

The second argument to the Col Maximum function is the By variable.

I hope that helps!

-Jeff

-Jeff
5 REPLIES 5
Highlighted
Community Manager

## Re: Syntax: How do I create an index column by ID

In your formula you need to check the ID value to see if it has changed from the previous row and reset your index if it has.

Try this formula:

If(:ID != Lag(:ID, 1) | Row() == 1, 1, Lag(:IDIndex, 1) + 1)

Your ID Count column has use IDIndex to get its value:

Col Maximum( :IDIndex, :ID )

The second argument to the Col Maximum function is the By variable.

I hope that helps!

-Jeff

-Jeff
Highlighted
Level II

## Re: Syntax: How do I create an index column by ID

Great, that worked perfectly!

Have a great day,

Matt

Highlighted
Super User

## Re: Syntax: How do I create an index column by ID

Jeff is correct and i will only add that the formula for IDIndex depends on previous sorting.

If the table needs to be re-sorted later you would need to suppress evaluation or delete it.

column (dt, "IDIndex") << suppress eval ( true );

or:

column (dt, "IDIndex") << delete formula;

to produce the column IDCount without sorting you can use the table summery option:

dt << Summary (Group ( :ID );

ron

Highlighted
Super User

## Re: Syntax: How do I create an index column by ID

I think the below formula will work for IDIndex independently of the initial sorting of the ID column:

Sum( :ID[Index( 1, Row() )] == :ID )

Highlighted
Level II

## Re: Syntax: How do I create an index column by ID

Thanks MS, the command you shared does work independently of the sorting.

Have a great day!

Article Labels

There are no labels assigned to this post.