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Creating a Variable

I have an issue while creating an overall measure of time. I have attached a screenshot that shows what the data looks like thus far. I need to now create a variable that is called "time in trial" where I basically take the "Nback start" minus the "Nback stop."


More specifically I would need several things to happen. 

1. When "Nback # of letters presented" equals 1 the "time in trial" should equal 0. Then as the "Nback # of letters presented" increases the "time in trial" should also increase. 
2. This increase should stop when I reach another 1 in "Nback # of letters presented" and start back over at 0 for "time in trial."

Any guidance would be greatly appreciated. 

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Re: Creating a Variable

If there are no gaps in the sequence for Nback # of letters presented then I think the formula for Time in Trial is just:


:NBack# of Letters Presented - 1


If there are gaps, then you'll need a formula that combints conditional If() to check whether Nback# letters is 1 and the Lag() function to get the value of Time in Trial in the previous row so you can increment it.




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