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Level IV

how JMP design the number of runs for Default under DOE (custom design)


I m using the custom design of DOE for experimentation. The total number of runs for "Default" is always > Minimum. I 'm curious why there is a Default there and it is always > Minimum? How JMP calculate the extra runs in Default and the purpose of it?
example below is using 3 factors, including all the effects (full factorial)). the minimum is = 2^3 and this is same when using the classical full factorial. However, in customer design, it come with Default which is always has more runs. can someone help me understand my questions?




Super User

Re: how JMP design the number of runs for Default under DOE (custom design)

Hi @dadawasozo,


The question about "default" number of runs is a frequent question on this forum. See an example here : :


Short answer, you can find the reponse about the computed "Default" number of runs in the Custom Design platform here : Design Generation ( : "This value is based on heuristics for creating a balanced design with at least four runs more than the Minimum number of runs."

Depending on the type of factors you have and the model assumed, the default number of runs may change (for example depending on the number of odd-levels categorical factors) and may be more than minimum + 4 runs (if this resulting design is not balanced).


As a general understanding, default or recommended number of runs will always be higher than minimum number of runs. The minimum number of runs represents a saturated design : there are as many estimated parameters as there are observations. Each independent observation will create a degree of freedom, which is used to estimate an effect term in the model. In your case, you have 7 effects terms (3 main effects, 3 two factors interactions and 1 three factors interaction) and the intercept to estimate (so 8 parameters in the model), so the minimum number of runs required to fit this model is 8.
In order to have some degree of freedom left to calculate pure error (vs. model error) and assess model's quality and robustness through lack-of-fit test, JMP recommends "by default" an higher number of runs than the minimum number of runs, based on heuristics as seen before.


I hope this answer will help you,

Scientific Expertise Engineer
L'Oréal - Data & Analytics
Level VIII

Re: how JMP design the number of runs for Default under DOE (custom design)

Too add a bit to @Victor_G 's correct reply, the minimum is always going to equal the number of treatment combinations required to estimate the parameters specified in the model. There will be no degrees of freedom left over for estimating error...usually not a desired modeling or DOE analysis condition. So using these heuristic rules, JMP suggests adding a few more runs for error estimation.