Some possibilities that may or may not give you what you are looking for:
1. In JMP 11, in a data table: cols > column viewer
2. In JMP 9 and above check the JMP file exchange for a script called "Dataset contents" which appears to behave like the column viewer in JMP 11
3. In JMP as far back as I can recall you can do this: In a data table select the columns you want to know about and then right click in the column panel on one of the selected column names and choose Column Info. The resulting report is not very compact but contains info not in the column viewer. Use ctl-P to print the report.